Medicine

United Nations agencies: Global hunger rises for first time in a decade

United Nations agencies: Global hunger rises for first time in a decade

In 2016, global population in hunger reached 815 million, 38 million more than the previous year, according to the report, the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017, which attributes to major reason behind it to the proliferation of violent conflicts and climate-related shocks.

"We have a lot of research. which says food insecurity doesn't directly lead to conflict, but it is a very powerful trigger".

Almost 52 million were affected by wasting - being underweight for their height. It notes 52 million, or eight percent, of the world's children suffer from wasting or low weight for their height.

Anaemia among women and adult obesity are also causes for concern. It is the first United Nations global assessment on food security and nutrition following the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which aims to end hunger and all forms of malnutrition by 2030 as a top worldwide policy priority.

The agencies called for new ways of working to achieve the goal of ending hunger and malnutrition by 2030.

The number of hungry began to rise in 2014, but this is the first time in more then a decade that the proportion of the global population going hungry has risen.

The UN report also shows a rising tendency of obesity among Bangladeshi adult (18-year of age) population as the number of obese people more than doubled from 1.4 million a decade back to over three million now.

After a prolonged decline, this recent increase could signal a reversal of trends.

"Deteriorations have been observed most notably in situations of conflict, often compounded by droughts or floods, linked in part to the El Ni?o phenomenon".

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The apparent halt to declining hunger numbers is not yet reflected in the prevalence of child stunting, which continues to fall, though the pace of improvement is slower in some regions, the report warns.

A year ago the proportion of the world's population affected by hunger rose for the first time in more than a decade, to 11 percent - up from 10.6 percent in 2015.

The report also found at the same time an increase in overweight young children, to 41 million.

But the report also points to a link between climate change and conflict.

"Millions of children across northeast Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Yemen and elsewhere; innocent victims of a deadly combination of protracted, irresponsible conflicts; of drought, poverty and climate change... This is an indictment of humanity", said World Food Programme chief David Beasley.

It was stressed that some of the highest proportions of food-insecure and malnourished children in the world are now concentrated in conflict zones.

"And that importantly, we will not end hunger by 2030 unless we address all the factors that undermine food security".

The heads of major United Nations agencies warned that without concerted action, the ambitious goal set by world governments to end hunger and prevent malnutrition by 2030 will not be reached.