Medicine

Ten times more children and teens are obese than 40 years ago

Ten times more children and teens are obese than 40 years ago

In 2016, re were still 192 million of m in moderate or severe underweight, adding authors, who analyzed data on 31.5 million of young people in 200 countries.

In 2016, 124 million of young people aged 5 to 19 were considered obese, compared to only 11 million in 1975, evaluating study, conducted by Imperial College London and World Health Organization (WHO).

According to the most comprehensive study on childhood and adolescent obesity to date, published on World Obesity Day by the WHO and Imperial College in London, obesity rates in children and teenagers rose from 1 percent in 1975 to almost 6 percent in girls and 8 percent in boys worldwide. In comparison, 1.6 million girls and 1.7 million boys were obese in the U.S.in 1975.

Childhood obesity has risen more than tenfold worldwide over the last four decades, with many middle income countries witnessing a transformation from mostly underweight kids to mostly overweight, according to a new health report. "Very few policies and programs that try to make it accessible to poor families, healthy foods, such as whole grains and fresh fruits and vegetables", he deplored, in a statement accompanying the study. The number of children and adolescents as underweight decreases it slowly since 2000 - except in South Asia and South-East and central Africa, the East and the West.

"While average BMI among children and adolescents has recently plateaued in Europe and North America, this is not an excuse for complacency as more than one in five young people in the US and one in 10 in the United Kingdom are obese", said James Bentham, co-author of the paper.

The study predicts that if the trends continue, by 2020 the global level of child and adolescent obesity will surpass those for moderately and severely underweight youth from the same age group.

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"We need ways to make healthy, nutritious food more available at home and school, especially in poor families and communities, and regulations and taxes to protect children from unhealthy foods", Prof Ezzati said.

Bull also said counstries should reduce "the time children spend on screen-based and sedentary leisure activities by promoting greater participation in physical activity through active recreation and sports". Thus, most of the countries within the Pacific Islands that includes the Cook Islands and Nauru had the highest rates worldwide. "It continues to increase in other low and middle-income regions".

In Europe, girls in Malta and boys in Greece had the highest obesity rates, comprising 11.3% and 16.7% of the population respectively.

NAN reports that the day is observed globally on October 11 with the view of promoting practical solutions to end the global obesity crisis. Obesity rates are still rising in poorer nations but have leveled off in countries like the United States and the UK. The smallest rise in the BMI of children and adolescents during the four decades covered by the study was seen in Eastern Europe. Conversely, the rise in high income countries has slowed and plateaued. 97 million of the world's moderately or severely underweight children and adolescents lived in India in 2016.

On the other end of the spectrum, South Asia - and especially India - had the world's highest prevalence of underweight children and teens.


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