Medicine

Latvia ranked 20th in the world in gender equality index

Latvia ranked 20th in the world in gender equality index

But the global trend now seems to have made a U-turn, especially in workplaces, where full gender equality is not expected to materialize until 2234, WEF said in a report.

The proportion of "unpaid work" per day is far higher for women than men globally, while in case of India on average 66 per cent of women's work is unpaid, says a World Economic Forum report.

A decade of slow progress towards better parity between the sexes has screeched to a halt, the World Economic Forum (WEF) said Thursday, warning the global gender gap was now widening. The WEF Global Gender Gap Report 2017 said that India has closed 67 per cent of its gender gap.

India's decline in position is due to gender gaps in political empowerment, healthy life expectancy and literacy.

"The country also reopens a health and survival gender gap for the first time since 2006, although the educational attainment gender gap remains fully closed", it added.

Even for developed countries, like the United Kingdom, which was ranked 15th on the Global Gender Gap list, 56.7 per cent of women's work is unpaid, as against 32 per cent men's.

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It took 21st place after slipping to 11th place last year from 8th the year before that.

Speaking about Iceland's success and what other countries can learn from it, Magnea Marinósdóttir, Equality Unit, Ministry of Welfare, Iceland said, "the success can be attributed to women taking power and creating alternatives to the male dominant "truths" and making the invisible realities of women visible, most importantly discriminatory practices including sexual harassment and abuse".

For instance, while Western European countries could close their gender gaps within 61 years, countries in the Middle East and North Africa would take 157 years, the report estimated.

Globally, software and IT services, manufacturing and healthcare industries have shown the highest increases, while the energy and mining sector ranked among the lowest, it added.

Rwanda came in fourth, with another Nordic country, Sweden, in fifth place. Last year, the forecast was for 83 years. These economies are "putting in place more gender-equal opportunities regardless of their level of economic development", said Stefanova Ratcheva. Only six countries have closed the gap in both of these pillars. Four countries have crossed the 50-percent threshold, and 34 countries have closed less than 10 percent of the gap (five less than last year). The most challenging gaps are in economy and politics, according to the report. That compares to education parity, which could be reached in 13 years, it predicts.


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